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Zero-Knowledge Proof

A zero-knowledge proof is a digital protocol that allows for data to be shared between two parties without using a password or any other information associated with the transaction. In its most basic sense, a zero-knowledge proof (also commonly referred to as ZKP) can be thought of as a protocol through which a digital authentication process can be facilitated without the use of any passwords or other sensitive data. As a result of this, no information, either from the sender’s or receiver’s end, can be compromised in any way. This is quite useful, primarily since such a level of safety provides tech enthusiasts with an avenue to communicate with one another without revealing the content of their interactions with any third party.

Sources
2004
Concurrent Zero-knowledge

C Dwork, M Naor, A Sahai

Zero knowledge, Cryptographic Protocols, Composition

1988
Zero-Knowledge Proofs of Identity

Uriel Feige, Amos Fiat, and Adi Shamir

Proofs of Knowledge, Zero-knowledge, Digital Identification.

1987
The complexity of perfect zero-knowledge

L Fortnow

Zero-knowledge Proofs

1990
Noninteractive Zero-Knowledge

Manuel Blum, Alfredo De Santis, Silvio Micali, and Giuseppe Persiano

Interactive Proofs, Randomization, Zero-knowledge Proofs, Secure Protocols, Cryptography, Quadratic Residuosity

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